DASUDA Lecture at Hybrid Architectures Symposium Lisbon

The growing fascination for sub-Sahara African cities – within such domains as Urban History, Cultural Geography, Urban Sociology, Planning and Design – seems to underestimate the need for thorough insight into origins, transformation and current conditions of native neighbourhoods as built since the 1920s. These neighbourhoods turn out to house interesting hybrid ypologies and architectures, due to their complex origins and transformation over time. It seems logical therefore that these neighbourhoods require intelligent urban renewal strategies, reflecting their historically bound hybrid characteristics.

DASUDA thanks Creative Industry Fund NL for their support.

This symposium intended to mix various media and expositive methodologies from video screenings introduced by the film makers themselves, argumentative discourse based on personal source material and academic lecture.

The intention of this conference was to focus on phenomena of architectural or urbanistic hybrid situations as a consequence of imposed absorption of cultural paradigm and interactions that took a different parcourse than initially planned.

A hybrid is exposing by its very nature the interaction of its incongruous sources. It is the outcome of a missed assimilation, an unsuccessful cross-breeding that nevertheless powered a new entity, which carries a strong political relevance and fuels a new configuration.

This symposium focused on colonial and post-colonial architectural phenomena will touch on the sacrificial and sometimes monstrous outcomes of these processes in regard to architecture, which nevertheless release also an innovatory potential. This symposium followed paradigmatic cases in regard to living practices, in which present mutated and dysfunctional structures (buildings, environments, living situations and imaginary environments) are revealed to be late consequence of lingering Eurocentric spatialisation and its often abusive measures.

DUSUDA was invited as one of the presenters to make contributions that built up ‘case studies’ on specific buildings that situate themselves on the cross point of different historic narratives, hybrids that nevertheless catalyse a regenerative power that shifts thinking patterns and converts to new historical paradigms.

Organizers of the Hybrid Architectures Symopium Lisbon:

CEI-IUL (Center for International Studies) is a university-based multidisciplinary research center of the University Institute of Lisbon (ISCTE-IUL). CEI-IUL aims at promoting interdisciplinary research in Social Sciences, International Relations and Economy, focusing in its areas of geographic specialization: Africa, Asia, Europe and Transatlantic Relations.

CICANT (Centre for Research in Applied Communication, Culture, and New Technologies) results from the combined efforts of all teachers in the School of Communication, Arts and Information Technologies towards the goal of creating an autonomous research unit which will allow for the integration and harnessesing of all the research activities conducted within the school.

HANGAR is an Artistic Research Center, located in the area of Graça, in Lisbon. HANGAR includes several platforms for action, including: a center of artistic residences, studios for artists, an art education center, an exhibition and public program.

AfrikPlay | Filmes a Conversa is a new project presenting films focused in contemporary Africa, organized by Center for International Studies (CEI-IUL) | ISCTE-IUL and CRIA (Network Centre for Anthropology Research) |

ISCTE-IUL. Being a ‘work in progress’, aims to bring cinema to the university, opening space for debate and reflection around films that present an innovative look on Africa.

Presented Lecture

The lecture presented the case of Kaloleni, a 1940s neighbourhood in Nairobi. It is based on recent research in which we closely worked together, combining historical analysis with design of renewal strategies. The notion of ‘hybrid’ figures in the outcomes of the analysis as well as in the urban design.

Kaloleni was part of a series of housing estates as planned and realized since 1920 in Nairobi, the then capital of British Africa. In their lay-outs and underlying motivations these plans mirror more or less well-known international (British) urban concepts and housing typologies. The transfer and adaptation of the latter were the results of a diverse network of ‘actants’: policy makers, inhabitants, vernacular typologies and materials, cultural habits and climatological circumstances. The public policy of placing houses and neighbourhoods within an ongoing, green space became kind of a design principle for post-war housing estates in Nairobi’s Eastlands’s. We may conclude that both plan and realized neighbourhood show an interesting example of so-called ‘hybrid’ architectures and typologies.

Later adaptations however partly blurred those original structures. Finally and more dramatically, recent trends of overcrowding not only made these typical hybrids unrecognizable, but also accelerated Kaloleni’s fate to be demolished and make place for yet another urban concept today largely motivated by the valuation of land and built square meters.

To hamper this process, the available results of historical analysis were taken as a decisive starting point for Inclusive Urbanism. The proposed redevelopment plan functions as a show-case for an integrated approach to (African) urban planning and regeneration. Within a context of extreme rapid growth, lack of proper regulation and management, consolidated self-building practices and increasing inequality, such layered and participatory methods hold unforeseen threats to equitable urban development.

The pilot case of Kaloleni illustrates how hybrid urban design and architecture can help to (re)create layered qualities of space through building upon the existing, and through the inclusion of both stakeholders and inhabitants during the participatory process of historic analysis, plan making and future implementation. When presented to policy makers, developers and inhabitants, both the historical analysis and the renewal plan were positively welcomed for their capacity of evoking collective and place bound memories; reactivating wiped out mental maps and representing forgotten narratives. Recognizing such assets – by help of and in collaboration with urban history and adequate research methods including oral history – provides designers with skills for valuable, sustainable solutions, which on their turn engender social and physical improvement.        

Strategy sessions for Kajjansi Junction area, Kampala

Kajjansi is a town in Wakiso District and nowadays integrated into the greater Kampala Metropolitan area, in Uganda. The Kajjansi area was always known for its market along the main connecting road from Kampala to Entebbe. It is now no longer only about the market since currently a junction is being built at Kajjansi, connecting Entebbe-Kampala Road to the Southern Bypass and the new Entebbe Expressway. Combine this with the planned Bus Rapid Transport System terminating at this place and one will see this creates a major change, challenges and opportunities for the area.

During the week of 3-7 October several co-creation sessions and a concluding strategy session with governmental partners, local authorities and stakeholders, DASUDA, TwentyOne and ULGA have defined together a strategy for the future development of Kajjansi Junction while maintaining the local quality, considering the three main aspects of mobility, urban development and inclusive business.

The Kajjansi Junction has been analysed as part of a mobility network connecting Kampala and Entebbe. In this network, Entebbe Road can become an urban boulevard with public space, pedestrian friendly areas, accessible street front because the new Entebbe Expressway is going to be opened soon, opening up space at the Kajjansi area. This can also be transformed to integrate a public transport system into the street section in the future. Nevertheless in the current situation the Kajjansi market at Entebbe road is under pressure due to the construction of the new bypass and risks to become inaccessible, disconnected and bypassed. The strategy for the urban development of this area should create an added value that will lead to an addition to area-budget, cross subsidy solutions and sustainable and social development of an integral city node.

At the end of the week all the stakeholders were invited to endorse the strategy for Kajjansi Junction area development and to take responsibility for the next steps.

Capacity building on Spatial Planning for Agro industrial business Development (SPAD) in Kenya

DASUDA have been working on the topic of spatial planning for agro industrial development in Kenya with the RAIN project over the last year. DASUDA is part of the consortium with the Centre for International Cooperation of VU Amsterdam (CIS-VU) that has been awarded a grant part of the Netherlands Initiative for Capacity development in Higher Education (NICHE), a Netherlands-funded development cooperation programme, to enhance the theme of spatial planning for agro industrial business development in Kenya. The main beneficiaries of this project will be the staff and students of the School of Planning and Architecture at Maseno University (MU-SPA).The project will contribute to curriculum development, interdisciplinary research, and tailormade training and counselling services in the field of spatial planning for agro industrial business and policy development. The contributions will be a joint effort of Dutch and Kenyan partners from scientific, business and governmental institutes, including VU’s Athena Institute (FALW), Spatial Information Laboratory (SPINlab), Amsterdam Center for Entrepreneurship (ACE), and Amsterdam Centre for World Food Studies (FALW/FEWEB), the Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO) and Moi University in Kenya. DASUDA is enabled to build on ongoing research and implementation driven development of the RAIN (Regional Agro Industrial Networks) projects with this program and looks forward to contribute in the coming four years to a sustained next step in spatial economic development in one of Kenya’s culturally strong potential sectors.

East & Central African Cities Development Forum

The DASUDA team took part as partner of KCCA at the East and Central African Cities Development forum held the 24th and 25th of May in Kampala, Uganda.

With a theme “Building inclusive growth and livability in African cities” the forum hosted speakers from 15 countries and was a platform to discuss about the future urban agenda of East and Central Africa Region, identifying and implementing key strategic priorities. It was also an opportunity for sharing, learning and developing a program of action to address the major urbanization challenges in the cities.

Over 300 particpants among city administrators, national and international professionals and investors attended the two days forum.

A key note lecture about partnerships and PPP policies was delivered by the ambassador of the kingdom of the Netherlands Alphons Hennekens followed by a keynote by Robert van Kats of DASUDA addressing the forum on collaboration with local partners to develop local solutions for urban issues.

After the keynotes speeches in the morning session, 8 parallel sessions in the afternoon gave the opportunity to discuss about:

  • Inclusive growth, Slum Upgrade and Engendering Rapid Urbanization.
  • Firm Productivity, Trade and Growth of the City Economy.
  • Urban Governance, Transformational Leadership and Citizen Accountability
  • Climate Change, Urban Resilience and Disaster Risk Management
  • Spatial Planning, Infrastructure, Mobility and Housing
  • Water, Sanitation and Urban Health.
  • Urban Data, Research Capacity and Smart city
  • Municipal Financing, PPP’s and Alternative Financing Mechanisms

On behalf of DASUDA, Robert van Kats, Femi Adewole of Shelter Afrique, Koen van Baekel of Rebel Group, Diana Carolina Ramos of Move Mobility, Amanda Ngabirano of Makerere University, and Jacob Byamukama of KCCA gave lectures about Spatial Planning, Infrastructure, Mobility and Housing.

After the two-day engagement, the city administrators signed on to the Kampala declaration that is a roadmap to ensure continuity of the engagements in building inclusive cities. The Netherlands Embassy, DASUDA Uganda, KCCA and local partners will continue building on implementation of local solutions towards inclusive growth and livability in African cities.

For more information about the forum visit www.eacdf.com

Spatial planning workshops in Kiambu and Uasin Gishu

Large parts of Kenya face rapid urbanization. Counties are now responsible for spatial planning, since devolution gave them the power and obligation to take care of the physical aspects of their piece of Kenya.

DASUDA worked in collaboration with RVO and Rebel Group in a second workshop series of the RAIN project on urban planning principles in the county of Kiambu and the county of Uasin Gishu. Focusing on data validation, mapping and Geo Information System use and the advantages of a coherent information system and being able to combine various layers of information on topographical maps.

Key element of the DASUDA approach is the interdisciplinary setting of the work team in an early stage. We were very fond of the fact that although the RAIN concept and strategy phase still has to commence, the local teams were already participating with spatial planners, economists, trade experts and responsible officers for agriculture, environment and roads en works.

The parallel program of our economist team to have an on-ground soft market testing with companies throughout the county added the findings on challenges and qualities from a business perspective. This effort made it possible to review the available data and link the dots between sectoral information and business experience and created a comprehensive integral insight .

We are looking forward to the next phases to achieve an urban planning context that secures a spot on investment in agro-industrial business environment .